Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), American novelist and 1954 Nobel Prize Laureate for Literature. Participating in World War One as a volunteer, and the Spanish Civil War and World War Two as a correspondent. In his later years, he was physically ill and mentally depressed. He committed suicide in 1961. In the 1920s, he put out IN OUR TIMES, THE TORRENTS OF SPRING,THE SUN ALSO RISES and A FAREWELL TO ARMS. A FAREWELL TO ARMS is an anti-war novel in which the hero, an American volunteer, became disillusioned in World War One. And the hero of THE SUN ALSO RISES, a young American reporter in Paris, fatally wounded in World War One, became inpotent, could only lead an aimless life with his friends. They were called the Lost Generation, and Hemingway became its representative spoker. But in FOR WHOM THE BELL TOLLS, the Hemingway hero became an active fighter against world fascism, and sacrificed his life for the Spanish people. It proves to be his early greatest work. THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA is his last work published when he was alive. It earned him the Nobel Prize, and is his most popular work among the Chinese readers.